By Thomas Lehmann
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Additional resources for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)
Kumaar-atu pallikkuutam Kumar-gen school 'Kumar's school' b. ' Since in Modern Tamil the addition of the suffix -atu to a noun does not allow the resulting form to occur in all NP positions and to take case markers—as it does in Old Tamil, we do not analyze this suffix as a pronominal suffix, but as a genitive case marker in Modern Tamil. g. viit-t-in-atu katavu 'the door of the house'. g. possession, then the respective noun can be unmarked and occur in the oblique form (lOOa), or it can be marked either with the euphonic increment -in (lOOb) or with the genitive case suffix -atu (lOOc) or by both (lOOd), or it can be marked by the adjectival suffix -utaiya (lOOe): (100) a.
There are, however, a number of nouns which cannot cooccur with all of the above given case suffixes, that is there are a number of nouns which have defective morphology. 21, and also with the dative case marker, as shown by the following examples: (101) a. ' b. ' However, they cannot occur with the instrumental and sociative case marker, for instance. Another example is the noun utan 'immediacy'. This noun occurs only with one case marker—the dative case suffix -ukku, as in the reduplicated form utan-ukku utan 'immediately'.
With verbs of transaction the locative case marker -itam marks the indirect object when the latter is meant to be the temporary possessor of the object of transaction. 16 (i). ' the indirect object marked with the locative case marker, raajaa-v-itam, is only the temporary possessor of the book and will not keep it permanently. 21 Ablative case The ablative case marker consists of the bound postposition -iruntu. This form is actually the verbal participle form of the verb iru 'be', which has been grammaticalized to a bound postposition.
A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication) by Thomas Lehmann
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