By Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson

ISBN-10: 0802842739

ISBN-13: 9780802842732

Before everything look, it could actually look unusual that once greater than thousand years of biblical interpretation, there are nonetheless significant disagreements between biblical students approximately what the Jewish and Christian Scriptures say and approximately how one is to learn and comprehend them. but the diversity of interpretive methods now on hand is the outcome either one of the richness of the biblical texts themselves and of modifications within the worldviews of the groups and people who have sought to make the Scriptures correct to their very own time and position. A historical past of Biblical Interpretation presents distinct and vast reviews of the translation of the Scriptures via Jewish and Christian writers during the a while. Written by means of across the world popular students, this multivolume paintings comprehensively treats the various diversified tools of interpretation, the various vital interpreters who've written in a variety of eras, and the numerous key matters that experience surfaced many times over the lengthy process biblical interpretation. this primary quantity of A heritage of Biblical Interpretation explores interpreters and their equipment within the historic interval, from the very earliest levels to the time whilst the canons of Judaism and Christianity won normal reputation. the 1st a part of the booklet concentrates at the use of the Scriptures inside of Judaism. Chapters learn inner-biblical exegesis within the Tanak, the improvement of the Septuagint, the exegetical technique of Philo of Alexandria, biblical interpretation within the lifeless Sea Scrolls and the Targumim, the character of rabbinic midrash, the stabilization of the Hebrew Bible, and the translation of the Bible within the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.

The moment a part of the publication probes topics particular to Christian interpretation of the biblical texts. Chapters right here speak about how Israel's Scriptures are utilized in the hot testomony writings, the hermeneutical ways of the Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists, Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis, the contributions of Jerome and Augustine, the formation of the hot testomony canon, and the translation of Scripture within the New testomony Apocrypha and Gnostic writings. as well as those in-depth reviews, the quantity contains a huge advent through the editors that provides readers either a wide review of the first matters and contours of old biblical interpretation as taken care of during this quantity and a method of sampling the ways that the main figures, colleges of interpretation, and matters mentioned interweave and distinction with one another. modern, balanced, and engagingly written, this terrific quantity -- and people to persist with -- will quickly develop into a customary source at the background of biblical interpretation.

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Extra resources for A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient Period

Example text

This resulted in a growing knowledge of Jewish sacred writings and religious ideas among substantial portions of the Gentile population in areas where there was a significant Jewish community, a factor that also helped lay the groundwork for the rapid growth of Christianity. Judaism, and subsequently also Christianity, were placed side-by-side with the pagan religions of the Greeks and Romans, typically to the detriment of the latter; but the Greek and Roman religions influenced the way in which Jews and Christians came to interpret their own religious heritage.

If there is no clear line between text and interpretation, there is also no need to feel bound to the precise words of the sacred texts. " The interpretation only made clear what was already in the text. Not surprisingly, "There is an almost complete spectrum of genres and techniques for converting the implicitly sectarian Scriptures into explicitly sectarian interpretations" (p. 164). This spectrum of interpretive approaches to the sacred text is very broad. For example, some documents found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, such as the famous Isaiah Scroll, are simply copies of scriptural texts quite similar to those we possess from other sources.

Thus, Philo works extensively in his exegetical analysis to develop in detail the commonality between Greek philosophy and the teachings of Moses. A key concept for Philo is the transcendence of God. Philo assumes that God, as he is, cannot be conceived or described by mere mortals. Consequently, Philo wishes to move quickly beyond certain aspects of the présentation of God in the Hebrew Scriptures, such as the extensive use of anthropomorphisms, which appear to describe God. Showing his background in Platonic philosophy, Philo argues that God is "beyond motion and emotion, beyond evil, and beyond any contact with matter" (Borgen, p.

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