By Andrew McGregor

ISBN-10: 0275986012

ISBN-13: 9780275986018

ISBN-10: 0313049564

ISBN-13: 9780313049569

Egypt has one of many oldest civilizations and proudest nationwide histories on the earth, yet so much army histories deal with it as a trifling battleground for different nice imperial powers resembling the Ottoman Empire, the French, and the British. In a full of life and stirring narrative, this paintings tells the untold tale of the Egyptian event. It appears on the lives of Egyptian squaddies battling at domestic and out of the country, and indicates the jobs these squaddies and their leaders have performed in Middle-Eastern and global background for 500 years—especially within the convulsions that experience remodeled the Muslim international prior to now centuries.Beginning with an summary of Egypt's historical and medieval history, the publication then explores Ottoman army rule, explaining how a tiny Turkish-speaking minority maintained absolute strength by means of retaining army wisdom out of the snatch of local Egyptians. Readers will see how Napoleon's failed Egyptian crusade of 1798 brought the country to Europe yet, extra very important, introduced glossy Western affects to Egypt. through the nineteenth century, new hands and strategies and the emerging strength of nationalism remodeled Egypt because the empire of the Ottoman Turks slowly decayed. Independence used to be thwarted by means of the British, who took over the rustic within the Eighteen Eighties to safe hyperlinks to India. but the British lead the way for independence, retraining and strengthening the Egyptian army to make it the most powerful and so much nationalist strength within the nation. eventually, McGregor's remaining chapters examine Arab nationalism, and on the Egyptian military within the wars of the past due twentieth century.

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Extra resources for A Military History of Modern Egypt: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War

Example text

Demonstrating their utter failure to grasp the changing battlefield, some Mamluks were outraged that the Ottomans had used firearms against fellow Muslims. Salim’s army reached Damascus on October 10, but was unable to take the city until December 27, 1516. The weather had turned bad, with unusual cold and snowfall, but Salim spent only two weeks at Damascus before pressing on to Cairo. Tumanbay, Qansuh’s eventual successor as leader of the Mamluks, was highly capable and could not be allowed time to organize the feuding Mamluk lords.

Qansuh and the caliph commanded the Mamluk center, with Amir Sibay on the left wing and the traitor Kha’irbay on the right. Amir Sudun al-Ajami, the Mamluk commander in chief, led a thundering charge of Mamluks The Ottoman left flank began to collapse under the fury of the attack, threatening the rest of the army. The Mamluks now began a series of ferocious dashes against the center, almost forcing Salim to abandon the field, but the muskets of the Janissary infantry and the Ottoman artillery drove them back repeatedly.

When the bulk of the Ottoman army was withdrawn from the city after three days of rioting, Tumanbay and his followers retook Cairo. They held the city for one day, just long enough to have Tumanbay’s name defiantly read out in the Friday prayers. When the mass of the Ottoman army returned, the Mamluks scattered. Tumanbay reached Giza on the west side of the Nile by crossing a bridge of boats. While Tumanbay fled south to Upper Egypt, the other Mamluks were pursued ruthlessly by the Ottoman troops.

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