By Leslie H Stennes; Michigan State University. African Studies Center

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10 (127) a. I’ll listen to your long, careful discussion of it, if you’ll listen to my short one. one = “careful discussion of it” b. * I’ll listen to your long, careful discussion of it, if you’ll listen to my short one of it. one = “careful discussion” c. I’ll listen to your long, careful discussion in class, if you’ll listen to my short one in the office. one = “careful discussion” The contrast between (127a) and (127b) will follow if of it must be positioned within the smallest N. The contrast between (127b) and (127c) corresponds to the differing argument-status of the PPs involved: of it is more strongly perceived as an argument of discussion than is in class.

What we would like is for this to be sufficient to generate the string y mxo . Instead, however, all that these settings give us is the information in (147). (147) a. y precedes MP b. y precedes X c. x precedes OP What’s required is something to determine that how the information in (147) determines the linear order of y relative to the words within MP and X and, similarly, determines the linear order of x relative to the words within OP. Let’s turn to that now. Recall that in defining morpho-syntactic category, we entertained the hypothesis that looking at only adjacent terms would be sufficient for defining the relevant substitution classes.

C. d. e. f. g. h. Jerry leaves. Sally left. Sam has left. Sarah had left. Martha should leave. George might have left. Laura desires [Sal to leave]. Larry remembers [Jim leaving]. The boldfaced terms have similar distributions: they are found either immediately preceding the verb (if they are free) or affixed onto the following verb (if they are bound). Every sentence has one of these, and so these terms meet the criteria of being the head of a sentence. To explain how it is that those Infls which are bound morphemes materialize affixed onto the following verb, we will have to invoke a process that goes beyond phrase structure rules.

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A reference grammar of Adamawa Fulani by Leslie H Stennes; Michigan State University. African Studies Center


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