By Yunji Wu
This can be the 1st e-book in chinese language linguistics which discusses the grammar of a dialect team from either synchronic and diachronic views. the writer makes use of new information and new frameworks to offer an research of the grammar of the Xiang dialect spoken in Hunan, China. The discussions during this e-book additionally increase new concerns on dialect learn that have no longer but been totally said through chinese language dialectologists. in addition, the booklet indicates that the Xiang dialect staff has an enormous strategic worth because it types a transitional area among northern and southern chinese language dialects. Key includes a huge paintings at the hugely ignored Xiang dialects in China the 1st designated paintings at the Xiang dialects to seem in English and at the overseas industry an immense reference paintings for typological stories
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Extra resources for A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects
The terms for father and father's father in SC Local pairs Borrowed pairs [ia13 (ia)] [tia33tia] [tie33tie] [ΐε Ι3 ϊε] [pa24pa] [ΐε13ίε] Mixed pairs [ia13 (ia)] 13 [ϊε ίε] 33 [tie tie] [ϊε13ϊε] Gloss father father's father father [pa pa] [tia33tia] father's father father father's father [tie 33 tie] father 24 33 [tia tia] father's father As a result, the CP form survives with the local meaning and the LP bears the literary meaning. Regardless of the form used, there is no misunderstanding in spoken discourse.
They can act as nominalizers and/or diminutive suffixes for nouns that function like Mandarin ^ -zi and J l -er. Overview of Xiang grammar 11 Table 3. The suffixes in the Lianyuan, Yiyang and Xinhua dialects Suffix PiP % Gloss Exam- Sound Gloss Locality ? i mm i 13 t 9 i No transcription father's older brother's wife mother's sister Lianyuan (Chen Hui 1999: 148) soldier boatman Yiyang (Cui Zhenhua 1998a: 223) No transcription a tough person a naughty person Yiyang (Cui Zhenhua 1998a: 223) No transcription arm ear Xinhua (Luo Xiru 1998: 230) person lowfamily E i msft mmy ?
My data collection and native speaker knowledge. All the data for the Changsha dialect, unless noted otherwise, are from my own collection and knowledge. I lived in Changsha for many years from the age of ten, and I have worked on this dialect since 1978. - Narratives. Examples marked with (Wang) are taken from a ten-hour-long narrative recorded by Ms. Wang Jingwen, a secondary-school-educated Changsha speaker. This recording was made in 1996, when she was 40 years old. - My fieldwork. The data for localities other than Changsha result from my fieldwork and are noted in the text or footnotes and the details are given in the appendix.
A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects by Yunji Wu
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