By Ruslan Mitkov

ISBN-10: 0582325056

ISBN-13: 9780582325050

Instructing pcs to resolve language difficulties is among the significant challengesof typical language processing. there's a great amount of attention-grabbing researchdevoted to this box. This e-book fills an latest hole within the literature with anup-to-date survey of the sphere, together with the author¿s personal contributions.A variety of assorted fields overlap in anaphora answer ¿ computationallinguistics, normal language processing (NLP), grammar, semantics, pragmatics,discourse research and synthetic intelligence. This publication starts off through introducingbasic notions and terminology, relocating onto early learn tools andapproaches, fresh advancements and functions, and destiny directions.It addresses a number of concerns relating to the sensible implementation of anaphorasystems, reminiscent of ideas hired, algorithms applied or evaluationtechniques used. this can be a great reference e-book for college kids and researchersin this actual zone of computational linguistics.Since anaphora answer is essential for the advance of any sensible NLPsystem, the e-book should be of curiosity to readers from either academia andindustry.

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29 Therefore, grammatical information as to whether a certain word is a third person pronoun would not be sufficient: each occurrence of it has to be checked in order to find out if it is referential or not. Several algorithms for identification of pleonastic pronouns have been reported in the literature. ): ‘It is ModalAdj that S’, ‘It is ModalAdj (for NP) to VP’, ‘It is CogV-ed that S’, ‘It seems/appears/means/follows (that) S’, or in syntactic variants such as ‘It is not/may be ModalAdj’, ‘Wouldn’t it be ModalAdj’, etc.

In fact, since the indefinite NP designates an entire class of entities, it cannot properly have a referent (point made by Linda C. Van Guilder). Telegraph Magazine, 8 April 2000, p. 26. ‘Every man has his own destiny: the only imperative is to follow it, to accept it, no matter where it leads him’. Henry Miller, The Wisdom of the Heart. New York: New Directions, 1941. Karttunen (1969). There are other examples where the anaphor does not trigger coreference such as My neighbour has a monster Harley 1200.

18 ARC01 11/04/2002 4:19 PM Page 19 LINGUISTIC FUNDAMENTALS For practical reasons most pronoun resolution systems restrict their search to the preceding 2–3 sentences when looking for an antecedent (see Kameyama 1997; Mitkov 1998b). On the other hand, since anaphoric definite noun phrases may have their antecedents further away, strategies for their resolution have involved the search of the 10 preceding sentences (Kameyama 1997). 10 Anaphora and cataphora Cataphora arises when a reference is made to an entity mentioned subsequently in the text.

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Anaphora Resolution (Studies in Language and Linguistics) by Ruslan Mitkov

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