By Edward M. Barrows
"Words are our instruments, and, at the least, we should always use fresh instruments. we must always understand what we suggest and what we don't, and we needs to forearm ourselves opposed to the traps that language units us."
-- the necessity for specified Terminology, Austin (1957, 7–8)
It follows that, for potent and effective communique, humans must have, or at the least comprehend, a similar targeted terminology. Such terminology is important for the development of uncomplicated, theoretical, and utilized technological know-how, but too usually there's ambiguity among clinical and customary definitions or even discrepancies within the medical literature.
Providing a standard floor and platform for distinct medical conversation in animal habit, ecology, evolution, and similar branches of biology, Animal habit table Reference, A Dictionary of habit, Ecology, and Evolution, 3rd Edition includes greater than 800 new phrases and definitions, forty eight new figures, and millions of additives and enhancements.
Using a dictionary structure to give definitions in a customary, simply available demeanour, the book’s major physique emphasizes conceptual phrases, instead of anatomical components or taxonomic phrases, and makes a speciality of nouns, instead of verbs or adjectives. time period hierarchies are dealt with with bulleted entries and phrases with a number of definitions are incorporated as superscripted entries. All assets are brought up and such a lot are paraphrased to comply to uniform kind and length.
The dictionary additionally comprises nontechnical and out of date phrases, synonyms, pronunciations, and notes and reviews, in addition to etymologies, time period originators, and comparable proof. Appendices handle organism names, agencies, and databases.
Devoted to the best and proper use of medical language, this 3rd version of a bestselling standard allows scholars and scientists alike to speak their findings and advertise the effective development of science.
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Additional resources for Animal Behavior Desk Reference; A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, & Evolution
Comment: Banner-Tailed Kangaroo Rats have individual footdrumming signatures used in communication (Randall 1989, 620). ᮣ marking drumming□n. In Hamsters and Mice: an animal’s drumming involving its hind paws that it rubbed across its scent glands (Heymer 1977, 129). cf. scent mark ᮣ paw drumming□n. In many rodents: an animal’s drumming on the ground during a threat display (Heymer 1977, 129). fear trill□n. In some bird species: a call note indicating fright (Wilson 1975, 236). gecker□n. In Hamadryas Baboons: a distress sound (Sigg and Falett 1985, 980).
Manipulation of an animal’s behavior by an adult that adopts it and manipulation of behavior and resources of others by dominant animals (coined by West Eberhard 1975, 17). kin altruism□n. An organism’s altruism towards only its kin (Fletcher 1987, 23). v. kin selection□See selection: kin selection. low-cost altruism□n. Altruism (def. v. , alarm calling and social grooming in some circumstances) (West Eberhard 1975, 11). motivated altruism□See altruism (def. 1). nepotistic altruism□See altruism (def.
1. A person’s act, or art, of singing; the result, or effect, of this; vocal music; that which is sung, in a general or collective sense; occasionally poetry (Oxford English Dictionary 1972, entries from ca. 1063). 2. In some bird species: a “musical utterance;” also the cry of the Sea-Hawk and Eagle (Oxford English Dictionary 1972, entries from ca. 1000). 3. An animal’s elaborate vocal signal (Lincoln et al. 1985). 4. In many insect, fish, and bird species; Frogs; Toads; primates, including the Gibbons, the Howler Monkey, and Humans: an individual’s sound production (vocal and other) of length and com- a 30 plexity that is distinguished from a call, which is shorter and simpler (Immelmann and Beer 1989, 281).
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