By Suraiya Faroqhi
The manufacture and alternate in crafted items and the lads and girls who have been fascinated about this industry--including metalworkers, ceramicists, silk weavers, fez-makers, blacksmiths or even barbers--lay on the social in addition to the industrial middle of the Ottoman empire. This complete heritage via major Ottoman historian Suraiya Faroqhi provides the definitive view of the topic, from the creation and distribution of alternative craft items to their use and pleasure in the neighborhood. Succinct but finished, Artisans of Empire analyzes the creation and exchange of crafts from the start of the 16th century to the early 20th century, concentrating on its historical past, politics and tradition. construction tools, the association of alternate guilds, non secular variations, the contribution of girls and the constitution of the Ottoman economic system all come below scrutiny during this wide-ranging background that mixes willing research with descriptions of the attractive and occasionally unknown works of Ottoman artisans. Faroqhi sheds new gentle on all features of artisan existence, surroundings the worries of person craftsmen in the context of the wider cultural subject matters that attach them to the broader world. Combining social, cultural, fiscal, spiritual and historiographical insights, it will be the authoritative paintings on Ottoman artisans and guilds for a few years to come back.
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Additional info for Artisans of Empire: Crafts and Craftspeople Under the Ottomans (Library of Ottoman Studies)
296) The place of artisans in the social order: pre-Ottoman and early Ottoman environments For the fourteenth and early ﬁfteenth centuries, there is no evidence for any activity on the part of craft organizations, and apart from Bursa, Edirne and Istanbul this observation is also valid for the later 1400s and even the ﬁrst half of the sixteenth century. With respect to these periods we do not ﬁnd any traces of organization in the registers of the qadis’ courts, or anywhere else for that matter.
But this aspect of his work was not, in the 1960s and 1970s, taken into serious consideration by economic historians. To top it all, Ülgener never had analysed the ‘hard’ data derived from the Ottoman archives, which to the present day form the basis of most work on the pre-nineteenth-century economic history of the sultans’ realm. This fact must also have counted against him in those years, when archival work was seen as the conditio sine qua non of ‘scientiﬁc’ history. 11 That said, it is also important to stress where present research diverges from Ülgener’s claims.
In addition craftsmen produced a variety of mundane goods: nails and tongs, boxes and earthenware jugs in which to store drinking water. These things have come down to us either because they were carefully preserved through the centuries or through the archaeological digs which during the last few decades have yielded a good deal of information on Ottoman material culture. But the men – and where the textile crafts are concerned, also the women – who manufactured these items, have remained very much in the shadow.
Artisans of Empire: Crafts and Craftspeople Under the Ottomans (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Suraiya Faroqhi
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