By Bernard Comrie
This used to be the 1st publication i have ever learn completely on verbal point, and its crystal transparent definitions are really easy to keep on with. It conscientiously talks in regards to the which means of element, the perfective/imperfective contrast, and pretty well every thing you have to find out about this subject (such as comparable morphology and mixed tense/aspect oppositions).
The basically this is why I rated it four instead of five is simply because many examples haven't been correctly glossed, and that i needed to depend upon my previous wisdom of many mentioned languages (which I reckon do not need happened).
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Extra resources for Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)
This may be con trasted with the semantically more neutral posetiteli prinesli grjaz' v komnatu ' the visitors brought mud into the room '. 2. 0. 2. enko ( 1 96Z : 409-14), who uses the term 'distributive' for such verbs. 2 Isa�enko ( 1 96z : 409), who uses the term 'mutual' . enko ( I 96Z : 395), who uses the term 'cumulative-distributive'. 2 Imperfective category that corresponds to part only of the meaning of imperfectivity. To jump ahead somewhat, we may represent the most typical sub divisions of imperfectivity as in table I .
Equally, one could answer : he used to be . . , but I don't know 'whether or not he is now (as opposed to ""he used to be, but I don't know whether he ever has been). Equally, one could answer : he used to be, but is no longer a member, without being unduly repetitive (as opposed to he used to be, and has at some time been a member of a subversive orgatlisation, which is repetitive, and odd in that the second clause makes a weaker claim than the first one). Thus this cannot be an implication in the strict sense, since the putative implica tion can be cancelled by an explicit denial of it.
E. indicating the successful comp let ion of a situation. ) ego versus ja ugovarival which could be rendered into English as ' I succeeded in forms of the same verb, or different verbs, albeit related in the deriva tional morphology. g. nanimat'/nanjat' 'hire', lItanimat ' /zanjat' 'occupy'), suggesting that ponimat'/ponjat' is too. Cp. Jaxontov ( 1 957 : 1 1 6). I . l But resultativity is only one p oss ibl e type of perfe ctivity, and the term ' resultative ', like the term ' completed ', puts unnecessary emphasis on th e final stage of the situation rather than on its totality.
Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by Bernard Comrie
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